Monday, April 1, 2019

Compare And Contrast How Shakespeare English Literature Essay

Comp atomic number 18 And Contrast How Shakespe atomic number 18 English Literature Es put forwardThe three texts e actually(prenominal) utilise literary methods of showing the different aspects of the male and female intimate relationships betwixt key char spielers. In small town, the relationship between Hamlet and Ophelia go forth be criticized In The Millers Tale, the relationship between Alison, John/Nicholas and Absolon provide be looked at. Finally, the relationship between stamp and April cyclist will also act as a medium of comparison with the another(prenominal) features to feature this analysis. entirely three texts argon composed of male/female sexual and amorous relationships t eyelid argon compromised by indulgence and debauchery. In Hamlet, the protagonist seems to be compel direct to consecrate delirium so as to avenge his father. In The Millers Tale, Alison, a girlish married woman is confounded by liking and cheats on her master(prenominal)tain with the younger and much more cunning Nicholas. In revolutionary Road, April Wheeler seems to be touch by a bad upbringing and gum olibanum causing her to make unwise decisions that affect her relationship with her husband open. Hamlets insaneness has an progeny on his relationship with Ophelia, O, what a noble mind is present oerthrown, Ophelia believing that Hamlet is truly mad, shows her feelings towards the protagonist by using hendiadys to chance upon him, The glass of fashion and the mould of form. Hamlet conforms with his perceived madness by rudely mentioning to Ophelia, It would cost you a groaning to take off mine edge., the effect this has on the relationship between Hamlet and Ophelia is monumental as this is the coating interaction between the pair before Ophelia finally loses her reason with watchword of her Fathers death. L.L. Schcking states, The passive Ophelia treads he terrible path to mental derangement this conforms to the traditionalistic hear of women on this period. Shakespeare may be showing that women are affected at a deep level by emotional matters and he shows this by the scale of damage that is done to Ophelia by Hamlet vie with her emotions.thither might be a re institution of an Oedipus complex in Hamlet. This is an idea developed by Freud who avows that all sons develop affections for their mothers and murderous instincts towards their fathers. There are m both arguments that go against this perspective megabytegh. Hamlet is precise point-blank almost Gertrudes incestuous behaviour so isnt likely to regard her in a sexual manner. Furthermore, Hamlet seems to study his father as a type of god, Hyperion and so isnt very likely to want to kill him. In occurrence, Hamlet wants to do the exact opposite, as he is trying to revenge the murder of his father. Hamlet only sees the incestuous behaviour from Gertrude and for him, she represents women in general, he is suspicious of all women. We do get a different view of Gertrude and particularly of Ophelia through the eyes of other passel at trustworthy ms. When they are shown, they are frequently represented in a very negative way, in the way they would exhaust been represented at the time. A acceptable example of this is when Laertes tells Ophelia to stop seeing Hamlet and she replies I shall obey, my lord. Because we are light-emitting diode to believe that she is in heat with Hamlet, this is an order she shouldnt be sell to obey. In medieval times when Hamlet was set, women were expected to obey their fathers and chum until they got married and could obey their husbands. This is why Ophelia had little choice exactly to say this. This is why Ophelias madness has much(prenominal) an importance in the inc flexure. It gives Ophelia the freedom to say what she could not say before, for example giving columbines to Laertes to represent ingratitudes and infidelity Theres common fennel for you and columbines Also her loss of innocence en ds with her eventual self-importance-annihilation. At the time felo-de-se was a sin against God and so people who committed suicide werent allowed a proper funeral. Ophelias innocence is however preserved by allowing her a funeral even after her suicide. Hamlet claims that he is faking madness precisely at times his madness appears real. There are two suspected reasons for his madness and both reasons include women. The first explanation is that Hamlet is in passionateness with Ophelia and his rejection from her has driven him to madness. This is a reasonable explanation because Hamlet often seems a lot more discourteous whilst talking to Ophelia Get thee to a nunnery. The other explanation for Hamlets madness is that he is offended by Gertrudes espousals to Claudius. He doesnt think that Claudius is worthy to be like his father.Hamlets treatment of Ophelia in the play can be interpreted in two ways. Most of the time he appears cruel to her as if he is just using her as a way o f come on convincing everybody else that he is mad. A good example of this is when he is talking to her and he realises that Claudius and Polonius are listening. This is when he says the line get thee to a nunnery He seems to hurt Ophelia both physically as well as mentally. Another explanation of this is that he is trying to harbor her. Hamlet describes the world as a corrupt Eden and so get thee to a nunnery is sending her away from abomination and corruption. Also he is sending her away from the bloodshed that he predicts is going to happen. Hamlet is often sceptical against women. He says to Ophelia or is thou wilt need bond, marry a fool, for wise men know what monsters you will make of them. This shows how caustic he is towards women and how bitter he is towards the world. This bitterness may be because he feels he has been betrayed by the two main women in his life. His mothers offence world her marriage to Claudius and Ophelias by rejecting him. Gertrude isnt necessari ly innocent in the play but is however tainted by Claudius. This proves that Shakespeare presents women as creation morally week, and led by men, rather than making their own choices. Even when Gertrude breaks away from the evil of Claudius she is led by another man in her son Hamlet. Although this is a more positive reflection of Gertrude and women it still shows how women are easily led and not able to make their own decisions. It isnt certain(prenominal) whether Shakespeare is showing this presentation of women as a way of showing that this is wrong, or whether it is just a part of the play that fits in with historical setting. Or he may have been agreeing that this is the way that women should be portrayed.In The Millers Tale, Alison is focused on as the centrepiece of attention between three males this is shown to be because of her beauty uncontaminating was this yonge wyf. However, her beauty is also the reason for the downfall between the relationship she had with John, he r husband. In the opening sections of the play, Chaucer declares John as an oer protective character Jalous he was, and heel hire nawe in cage. Furthermore, Alison is also described as being a flirt and having a likerous eye which insinuates the expectation of her infidelity which is turn up in her interactions with Nicholas. Chaucer with this text is exclaiming that relationships with a large age violate usually induce the younger partner to compose unfaithful.Hamlets murderous while is much similar to Nicholass methods way of seducing Alison, both Characters show to be very cunning in their means of achieving their goals both pretend to be mad and act in a different way than usual. Nicholas pretends to have become absorbed by his astrological work, This man is falle, with his astromye, Hamlet acts in a perverse way towards Ophelia and presents himself before her in an unusual manner, No hat upon his head, his stockings fouled, These deliberate acts of madness by Hamlet and Nic holas are so efficacious towards their target audience and in Hamlets case it even presents a half mask effect towards his target as she becomes mad herself later on in the play.Chaucers text is interesting as it has a very vague scene on the love that the characters had for one another. Johns love is much closer to coercion for the younger Alisoun which that he lovede moore than his lyf such a relationship is shown by Chaucer to be detrimental. Nicholas and Alisouns love for one another is in fact pure zest between the two characters. And heeld hire harde by the haunchbones this sheeny affair by Nicholas and Alisoun is also shown to be detrimental as both characters did not curb together afterwards. Chaucers inclusion of Absolon adds another potential type of love towards Alisoun. Absolon is nevery as obsessed with Alisoun as John nor is he as inclinationrous as Nicholas. He is driven by admiration for Alisoun and his love revolves more or less this, Chaucer shows this by making Absolon the only lover to use the courtly love traditions to try and ensnare Alisoun whom he regards as My faire bryd, my refreshede cynamome. However, Absolon is also the only character to not have succeeded with Alisoun. Chaucer may be suggesting that the courtly love traditions where not the key to love.This self-imposed madness of Hamlets is also alike to that of April Wheeler in Revolutionary Road the impact is also similar towards the relationship between April and blusterings relationship. Like Hamlet, April starts to act in a different way towards Frank mentioning how she felt ensnared by him, Just because youve got me safely in a seaman you think you, this is the first argument between April and Frank where both characters are as equally frustrated with one another and it sets the plane for such future encounters between them. Amidst this, another similarity between Shakespeare and Yates texts is the concept of lust not being very symbolic in terms of marriage len gth in comparison to true love as such. April mentions,your chickenhearted self-delusions about love when you know as well as I do that theres never been anything between us, which shows how much she thinks of her husband, a cowardly self delusion. In Hamlet, such a relationship is shown to exist between Gertrude and Claudius as Gertrude does not truly love Claudius but yet pretends to love him for other reasons not fully justified to the reader. This is verified by how quickly she agrees to direct Claudius when she is reprimanded by Hamlet about the incestuous marriage she is in, Be thou assuredI have no life to breathe. What thou hast said to me.Aprils dialogue with Frank in the play at the beginning might also be a hint as to what she as a character will actually do in real life and I want to go out and do aboutthing thats absolutely unwarranted, and marvellous What April did in fact do at the end of her life was indeed marvellous and crazy as she both expressed a different i deology about the treatment of females as a whole, however her methods for doing so were albeit crazy. This is similar to Ophelias piece to try and act against the general assumptions that females must abide to rules and regulations. insert some quote jazz blah blah Para- Discuss a musical theme of mendacity(lying) between the characters Claudius and Gertrude Nicholas and John/Absolon Frank and AprilEdit this to school version.Sexual relationships are discovered in Hamlet and Revolutionary Road. However, such relationships when mentioned in circumstance are mostly on the basis of them being adulterous whereby either one or both of the partners are acting on lust rather than love. It is uncertain the relationship between Claudius and Gertrude because Shakespeare does not include any romantic dialogue between the pair and the only reference to them sacramental manduction any sexual relations come from Hamlet himself, Let not the royal bed of Denmark be/A couch for luxury and damn ably incest/But, howsoever thou pursuest this act. Furthermore, most critics tend to take a negative view towards Gertrude because of the speed at which she got over her husband. L.L. Schcking states The Queen, her peace of mind and untroubled scruples ruthlessly assailed, becomes uneasy, even bitter. This is very similar to the relationship between Frank and April whereby sexual interactions are very rare and if they do arise they are either adulterous or April trying to make Frank do what she wants him too.John Givings in Revolutionary Road tells Frank, You want to play house, you got to have a job. You want to play verynicehouse, verysweethouse, then you got to have a job you dont like. This is the way ninety-eight-point-nine per cent of the people work things out, so believe me, buddy, youve got nothing to apologize for. John Givings is cognize to be a mentally ill person in the legend but the mere fact that April also sees things in his light justifies why Frank thought that she was also mentally ill to a certain degree and he offered to get her a shrink.A theme of dependence is explored by Yates whereby April depends entirely upon Franks decision so that she can move to genus Paris and leave the suburban unrealistic lifestyle that she feels ensnared by. April tells Frank, How did we ever get into this conflicting dream world, this goes to show how she had no regard whatsoever of the environment she was in and believed herself to be in a dreamlike state when living in the place. Shakespeare uses a similar effect in Hamlet where he include the dialogue between Hamlet and his Fathers ghost where Hamlet shouts out Be thou a spirit of health or goblin damned. This further proves that Hamlet and April are conscious about feeling in such an unrealistic state but they are also the characters who are shown to do the most unrealistic things.Both Shakespeare and Yates chose Death, as the medium to part the main love figures in their respective texts. Such a str ong percentage adds more emphasis to the emotions felt by the lover that is left canful to mourn the death of his beloved. In Hamlet, Hamlet actually provokes Laertes. Let thy science fear. Hold off thy hand. Such a bold outburst is hostile Hamlet as he contrived a whole patch to accuse Claudius of killing his father instead of confronting him head on. In Revolutionary Road, Frank is shown to also suffer from losing April hed lost a lot of freight which could show that he was not eating as much as he should have been as he was in mourning for April.In Conclusion, Shakespeare, Chaucer and Yates all present male and female sexual and romantic dustup through narrations, double entendres and dependencies for one another. Chaucers descriptions of Nicholas and Alisoun through the character of The Miller absolve to the reader the adulterous act between the pair, Shakespeares use of hendiadys throughout Hamlet endorses his message as the main character is under one whacking lie fro m the beginning of the play. Finally, Yates uses the fact that females were dependent upon males in the 1950s but his message was to show that strong willed women like April still had control over their partners decisions.Word Count 2576

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